Burns are a common occurrence growing up and tend to happen at the most uncanny times. As a matter of fact burns from a hot faucet in the bathroom and accidentally spilling hot stuff are the most common causes of burns in children. Minor burns aren't usually a problem and can easily be treated at home. Younger children however require more attention and care since their skin is still very delicate and sensitive. Here is a 101 into burns to help you deal with them better and keep your child safe.
Depending on the severity of damage to the skin,, the burns are usually classified as first, second and their degree burns. All burns require that the temperature be immediately brought down so as to stop further damage to the skin tissues. Beginning from the first degree the burns end up getting more serious as it moves on to the second and third degree.
For minor burns the burn site needs to be washed under cool not cold water to bring down the temperature. After that one can apply aloe vera gel, burnol or any other burn lotion to help heal the burn faster. The burn dressing on the burn should be changed regularly for faster healing and to avoid infections.
For any burns beyond 10% of the body, the child should be taken to the doctor immediately for treatment. In case of chemical burns, ensure that the burn is washed with running water for atlas 5 minutes to wash off the chemical causing the burn. Remove the child's clothes only after you have begun flushing the burn with water. Chemical burns to the eyes and mouth require immediate attention from a doctor. For other you can use a sterile gauze pad and then call the doctor. Do not go for home remedies at this point of time. For Electrical burns, ensure that you child is not in contact with the source before touching them or you might also get shocked. Similar procedure should be followed as that for chemical burns after that.
For any kind of burns, the blisters should not be touched unless help as arrived. Additionally, your child might require a tetanus injection to help prevent infections. Use a doctor prescribed ointment for serious burns. The doctor might prescribe pain relief depending on the severity of the burns and should be taken as prescribed.
When treating burns, make sure that you use clean clothes and medical equipment to prevent any infections. When dealing with minor burns, ensure that you teach your child how to deal with burns when administering treatment to them.
Dealing with burns requires suck thinking and keeping a first aid box handy. Teach kids what to do incase of burns when you are not around to ensure safety even in your absence.