1.Food allergies: The most common food allergens are peanuts and other tree nuts, eggs, cow milk, soy, fish an other shell fish etc. The best way to deal with such allergens is to make sure that food containing these allergens or even traces of these allergens should be avoided at all costs. Depending on how common your child's allergies are, one might have to stick to home made allergen food at all times. Read the ingredients on the packed foods carefully and understand it before serving it to the kids. Allergens like soy may end up in the food as flavours and stabilisers etc. Parents can opt for food alternatives to provide the kids with the required nourishment. Children allergic to cow milk or soy may be provided with almond milk. Similarly bananas may be used as a substitute to eggs in baked goodies.
2.Airborne allergies: Allergies from pollen, mould, dust mite etc all count as air borne allergies. The best way to deal with these is to avoid exposure. Children can be made to use face masks when stepping outside when pollen content in the air is high. Similarly the bedding, carpet, pillows should be washed in hot water and cleaned on a regular basis to avoid allergic reactions. Poorly ventilated humid areas should be cleaned on a regular basis to avoid moulds. One can reduce air allergens by using air conditioners in the house in addition to maintaining the humidity levels in the house below 50%
3.Pet allergies: These allergies are usually not directly from the pets, but from the proteins found in their dander, saliva and urine. The pets should be given regular baths to keep the danders at bay. One should also clean up after the pets properly and regularly. The pets should not be allowed on beds and sofas or any other place where the children lie down. The pets should be kept out of the children's room at all times. There is no such thing as a hypoallergenic pet so be careful. If the allergies persist or get out of control, one might need to give away the pet.
4.Medicine/ chemical allergies: Antibiotics are the medicines that most allergic reactions are caused for. Get your child checked for allergies agains antibiotics and ensure that they are not prescribed that particular antibiotic in the future. Children can be allergic to over etc counter medication used for various purposes. Check with the doctor if your child is allergic to a particular medication and avoid it whilst finding a suitable alternative. Children mat be allergic to certain ingredients in detergents, household cleaners etc. Opt for natural cleaners which prove to be better alternatives. if not then the child's clothes should be washed in hypoallergenic detergent powders.
Get your child checked for allergies by an allergist who can pin point exactly what your child is allergic to and advice you on the appropriate steps and precautions to be taken for it. Allergies can be managed provided the parents are aware and active at dealing with them.